Estádio Jornalista Mário Filho , better known as Maracanã , the popular Maraca (” akin to a rattle ” in Tupi-Guarani, due to the sound of birds that lived there), is a soccer stadium located in the North Zone of Rio de Janeiro and Inaugurated in 1950, during the mandate of the then General of Division and Mayor of the Federal District of Rio de Janeiro Marechal Ângelo Mendes de Moraes, having been used in the Football World Cup that year.
Since then, Maracanã has been the scene of great moments in Brazilian and world football, such as the thousandth goal of Pelé, the finals of the Brazilian Championship, Carioca de Football, Copa Libertadores de America and the first FIFA Club World Championship, as well as international competitions And matches of the Brazilian National Team.
The stadium was one of the 2007 Pan-American Games competition venues, receiving football, opening and closing ceremonies. It hosted football and the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2016 Olympic Games, which were held in the city of Rio de Janeiro. It was also the stage for the final match of the 2013 Confederations Cup and the 2014 FIFA World Cup
Over time, however, the stadium has taken on a multi-purpose character when hosting other events such as shows and matches of other sports, such as volleyball at an opportunity. After several modernization works, the capacity of the stadium is 78 838 spectators, being the largest stadium in Brazil.
The official name of the stadium, Mário Rodrigues Filho, was given in homage to the late journalist from Pernambuco, brother of Nelson Rodrigues, who stood out in supporting the construction of the stadium.By the ample support, Mário Filho was called in the time of “boyfriend of the stadium”.
Already the popular name comes from the Maracanã River, which crosses Tijuca through São Cristóvão, flowing into the Mangue Channel before the break in Guanabara Bay. In Tupi, the word maracanã means “like a rattle.”
Prior to the construction of the stadium, there were large numbers of birds from the north of the country called Maracanã-Guaçu. Due to the construction of the stadium, the Maracanã neighborhood was created, where the stadium is located, originally part of the Tijuca neighborhood.