One of the largest urban forests in the world, was created in 1861 by the emperor Pedro II to reforest the area affected by deforestation caused by the cultivation of sugarcane and coffee. This sector of the Tijuca National Park brings together attractions such as the Tijuca Peak, the Pico do Papagaio, the Taunay Cascatinha.This preserved area of Mata Atlântica is much sought after by locals and tourists for practicing physical activities, walks and walks. Birds, native plants and fruit trees make up the flora and fauna of the Tijuca Forest.
The highest point in TIjuca National Park, with 1022 meters, Pico da Tijuca is easily accessed by a trail that starts at Estrada da Cascatinha, Alto da Boa Vista. Although it seems difficult to get to the top of this which is the second highest peak in the city, the little steep trail makes the course enjoyable even for beginners in the practice of adventure sports. From the top of Pico da Tijuca, the visitor can admire a panoramic view of the city, from the North Zone to the South Zone, including also the Baixada Fluminense, the West Zone, the Center of Rio and the bridge Rio-Niterói.
Another attraction of the forest is the Visitors Center of the Tijuca National Park, which has a permanent exhibition called “A Forest in the Metropolis”. The exhibition is didactic and interactive and aims to encourage the conscious use of areas and resources for public use, as well as to address the trajectory of the area that today constituted the Tijuca National Park in three stages: Original Woods, Human Intervention and, finally, a Park .
When visiting Tijuca National Park keep in mind that it is a protected area and therefore it is important that visitors take special care:
– Domestic animals do not belong to wildlife and must remain outside the boundaries of the Park.
– Feeding the fauna is harmful for the preservation of the species.
– Fire can cause destruction and danger.
– Put your garbage in the appropriate place or take it back home.
– Religious offerings if left in the Park, pollute the rivers, soil the forest and affect the animals.
– Waterfall baths are allowed in the waterfalls of Horto (Break, Shower, Primates), in the waterfall of the Almas (in the Forest sector) and showers of the Paineiras.
– Shortcuts cause erosion. Use the official trail.
– The use of bicycles is only allowed on paved roads or on Mountain Bike trails.
– The overnight stay is only allowed, in special cases, by authorization.
– Trucks, large buses and auto-school cars must use another route.
– Authorization of the Park administration is required to make commercial, journalistic, as well as events and productions of any other nature.
– The use of sound equipment and instruments affects the ecosystem, being allowed only with authorization.
– For the marketing of products in the NTP, authorization from the administration is required.