The Luiz Gonzaga Center for Northeastern Traditions, also known as the São Cristóvão Fair and the Paraiba Fair, is a pavilion that promotes the culture and commerce of products from the Northeast. It is located in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It was created in honor of Luiz Gonzaga, the “King of the Baião”.
The building, inaugurated in 1962, was built in the late 1950s and designed to house the International Exhibition of Industry and Commerce during the Juscelino Kubitschek government. The work was an enterprise of businessman Joaquim Rolla.
Designed by the architect Sérgio Bernardes, the Pavilion, originally, was once one of the largest covered beamless areas in the world, with 156,000m². To cover the Pavilion, neglecting the aid of columns, the walls had to be designed to anchor the steel cables, composing the elliptical surface curved in two directions as they knew it.
The original cover was plastic and had natural ventilation. The water was pumped to the highest points and flowed to the lower end, ending in a kind of cascade over two side lakes, a system that helped to lower the ambient temperature on hotter days, quite dashing for the time.
Years later, due to the industrial bankruptcy, the pavilion remained without conservation and, by 1986, a windstorm came to destroy what was left of the cover, which for lack of technologies was tried the substitution by metallic plates that later were removed .
Mungunzá, Northeastern delicacy that can be enjoyed at the fair. In 2003 the then Mayor Cesar Maia took advantage of the open space of the pavilion to house in the open the “Feira Nordestina”, which for many years had been working in the parking lot around Campo de São Cristóvão, which was the largest cluster of northeastern traditions outside the city. Northeast.
In the Pavilion of São Cristóvão, the Northeastern culture is manifested in its most diverse forms, with music and culinary highlights.
It is a place for the presentation of musical shows of Northeastern rhythms, among which stands out the forró, with presentation of several groups distributed in two large stages. In addition to the local artists, periodically they present great names of the music and singers known as repentistas, who use the talent to improvise verses to attract listeners that frequent the place and contribute voluntarily in exchange of some songs and verses,